water intake after delivery

If someone feels left out — whether it’s a spouse or other children in the home — talk about the problem and be understanding. After that, your breasts will swell as they fill up with milk. The swelling usually affects the legs, feet, ankles, and face. It's important to drink water before, during and after a workout. After drinking three liters of water a day for 28 days, she shared her amazing results: Water weight gain is a common side effect of pregnancy, especially during the last few months. Privacy Policy Traditionally, atleast down south, water was not given liberally in olden times fearing water retention. Seek help. used as a substitute for professional medical advice, You might need to modify your total fluid intake based on several factors: Exercise. A sign of being well-hydrated is having a clear urine color, as opposed to dark yellow. Water weight gain is a common side effect of pregnancy, especially during the last few months. But you may have been told to drink only warm water after delivery for the following reasons: The main reason for advocating against having cold water after delivery is the belief that warm water and warm beverages promote speedy recovery as heat is always being linked to the healing process; Another reason for encouraging warm drinking water is that heat aids in shrinking of the womb to its original size. This is an overwhelming and stressful period, but there are ways to manage. Although hydration is essential during pregnancy, it is also important after delivery. Using these products in the immediate postpartum period may increase your risk of uterine infection. This bladder/bowel diary can be helpful in timing your intake. advertisements are served by third party advertising companies. Fiber can also relieve hemorrhoids, as well as over-the-counter creams or sitting in a sitz bath. "The impact of plain water intake on diet was similar across race/ethnicity, education and income levels and body weight status," study leader Ruopeng An, a … Caring for a newborn gets easier with each passing day. Your body needs to heal, and practical help around the home can help you get much-needed rest. Some women with postpartum depression withdraw from their family, have no interest in their baby, and have thoughts of hurting their baby. Hormonal changes can cause nighttime sweating after having a baby. Water intake must balance water loss. It takes time to adjust, but you’ll figure it out. Limit your sodium intake. Remove blankets from your bed to stay cool. Baby blues are caused by hormonal changes and symptoms may include: The baby blues are different from postpartum depression. Tell your health care provider if you're experiencing severe, persistent or increasing pain, which could be a sign of infection. Postpartum depression occurs when symptoms last for more than two weeks. To ease discomfort, apply a warm or cold compress to your breasts. Consult your physician if you continue to retain water several weeks after delivery. Drinking two glasses of water before having your meal can … Adrienne Weeks spends her time as a collegiate speech instructor, fitness instructor and stay-at-home mom. It stretches and often tears during birth. Others. Keep a glass of water nearby when you feed your baby and carry a water bottle with you at all times. Weeks has written about a wide variety of topics but enjoys sharing her passion about fitness, cooking and parenting. Postpartum depression can develop at any time after giving birth, even up to a year after delivery. These are just recommendations though, and you should drink enough water so that you aren't thirsty and so your urine is pale yellow or colorless. You can help this area recover after your delivery by doing Kegel exercises, icing the area with cold packs wrapped in towels, and sitting on a pillow. Engorgement improves with time. Go for a walk, swim, or join an aerobics class. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Drinking enough water every day is good for overall health. Try taking a walk near your house. A new baby is an adjustment for the entire family and can change the dynamic you have with your partner. Seifter says water intake must be individualized, and you should check with your doctor if you are not sure about the right amount for you. Weight loss usually levels off after the first 6 weeks, when you should be back to your normal weight. 2. To make sure you’re getting enough rest, sleep when your baby sleeps. While warm water is good to drink and women can often indulge in it during cold temperatures, there are some who are unable to do so, especially when they live in areas with warm temperatures. Because nutrition is so important for healing, your doctor may want you to wait until after your postpartum check-up to begin a weight loss diet. 3. Additional symptoms may include feelings of guilt and worthlessness, and loss of interest in daily activities. If you do any activity that makes you sweat, you need to drink extra water to cover the fluid loss. Sore nipples from breast-feeding usually disappear as your body adjusts. It can be frustrating and tiresome. However, as you increase fiber in your diet, remember to maintain optimum water intake, as too much fiber could counteract, especially with less intake of water. If your vaginal discharge is foul-smelling, notify your doctor. During the postpartum period, you and your partner may also spend less quality time together, which can be troublesome. Take a Look at Your Daily Routine, Breast Milk Antibodies and Their Magic Benefits, Feeding Meat to Your Baby: What You Should Know, Incubators for Babies: Why They’re Used and How They Work. Not only does this keep you healthy, but the omega -3 content in them helps develop the baby’s brain functions. Losing weight also involves eating healthy, balanced meals that include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. This is how your body eliminates blood and tissue from your uterus. According to the Mayo Clinic, a good goal to aim for is to drink at least eight glasses of water a day. Terms of Use Daily Water Intake Calculator. You should also increase your fluid intake, especially if you are breast-feeding. Copyright © In the meantime, here’s what you can do for an easier transition: 1. Their benefits will amaze you. Weight loss doesn’t happen overnight, so be patient. Although babies require a lot of attention and you and your partner will spend the majority of the day caring for their needs, don’t feel guilty about spending alone time as a couple during the postpartum period. Friends or family can prepare meals, run errands, or help care for other children in the home. Post-workout water intake: After exercise or any sports event, we need to pay good attention to eating and drinking right. any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Baby Farts: Surprising, Sometimes Stinky, But Mostly Normal, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Baby Not Sleeping at Night? Many women lose excess water weight within a week of delivery without much effort. Although you may not be able to participate in intense exercise right after childbirth, moderate exercise can help reduce water retention. American Pregnancy Association; Swelling During Pregnancy; March 2007, Family Education: Nutrition Before, During and After Pregnancy, "Total Health for Women;" Ellen Michaud; September 1995, Alabama Cooperative Extension System; Sodium & Potassium; Dorothy Tate & Virginia White; 1993, PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION. Ask your doctor about safe medications. In turn this would lead to piles. Use nipple cream to soothe cracking and pain. Having adequate water in your system will help you regulate your body heat; however, if you are not drinking enough water during pregnancy, you can be prone to overheating. Eating right can go a long way in helping you get back your strength and energy. This is normal but may sometimes require medical attention. A shrinking uterus after giving birth can cause cramping. Water intake may be decreased after a potentially painful surgery or procedure because of the effects of stress from manipulation or ineffectively managed pain.8,11However, rodents that underwent surgery actually drank more of the medicated water than untreated water as compared with rodents that did not undergo surgery.13 The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. According to MayoClinic.com, the recommendation is that women get nine cups of water daily. After the surgery your immune system is extremely weak, thus increasing the chances of an infection. Water weight gain during pregnancy is normal. You can rest assured that if they ever do find the “Fountain of Youth”, it will be a water fountain. Don’t hesitate to accept help from family and friends during the postpartum period, as well as after this period. Focus on losing weight gradually by exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet and drinking plenty of water. Things to … Fluids help in smooth bowel movement and recovery from the surgery. Your doctor will let you know when it’s OK to exercise. Once your doctor says it’s OK to exercise, begin with moderate activity a few minutes a day and gradually increase the length and intensity of your workouts. But try to look after yourself as well by paying attention to your diet. Babies spit up curdled milk when milk from feeding is mixed with acidic stomach fluid. Drinking water helps ease problems with urinating after birth. Exercise regularly. Water helps keep these infections away and acts as a catalyst to your recovery. Postpartum swelling happens when water weight from pregnancy builds up in the body and remains after the pregnancy has ended. People usually suggest drinking warm water and beverages after delivery in the line of belief that it helps a new mom heal quickly. You may wonder if these baby farts are normal, what…, When your little one is uncomfortable with what seems like gas, you may want to try baby massage. New mothers should aim to meet all their nutritional needs through diet, but in some cases it may also be appropriate to continue taking a prenatal vitamin. Maintain a healthy diet to promote healing. Speak with your doctor if you have depression that lasts longer than two weeks after giving birth, or if you have thoughts of harming your baby. Drinking on ajwain water is known to help these symptoms. During these weeks, you’ll bond with your baby and you’ll have a post-delivery checkup with your doctor. After all, your baby needs a strong and healthy mum. All rights reserved. Take a walk with your baby in the stroller, ride your bike or go for a swim. Ask your doctor about safe medications. . Immediately after the exercise/event, for the next few hours work on improving your hydration status. Bananas, oranges, spinach and broccoli are potassium-rich fruits and vegetables. Drink water, cranberry juice or grapefruit juice to fully hydrate your body. Stay hydrated. Especially if this is your first baby, you and your partner can become overwhelmed by exhaustion. Drink water and fresh juices and soups to avoid dehydration and constipation. Furthermore, water helps your body get rid of toxins from the anesthesia. You might be surprised at the number, volume, and smell of the farts produced by your tiny infant. Cutting back on foods high in sodium can help you restore your normal sodium levels and eliminate water weight. Limit your intake of caffeinated beverages, which can cause dehydration. Your baby may wake up every two to three hours for feeding. In the first 3-4 days after delivery, your breasts make colostrum, a nutrient-rich substance that helps boost your baby's immune system. Hot or humid weather can make you sweat and requires additional fluid. Preeclampsia is high blood pressure, high levels of albumin in the urine between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week after delivery. Consume at least 5 grams of potassium each day for balanced body fluids. If you are experiencing heavy vaginal bleeding, such as saturating one sanitary pad within two hours, contact your doctor. Also, communicate as a family. Breastfeeding mothers usually lose weight more quickly than non-nursing mothers. Try these tips for getting enough fluids: Don’t wait until you feel thirsty to drink water or other fluids. Breast-feeding can help you return to your prepregnancy weight faster because it increases your daily calorie burn. The activity should not be strenuous. Leaf Group Ltd. So drinking water post-surgery can be very helpful in all aspects of recovery. The good news is that you’ll eventually fall into a routine. Water helps all of your bodily functions. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise five days a week. If you are breastfeeding, you need about 13 cups of water each day. Since a baby has to be fed and changed often, you may experience sleepless nights. Many women are suggested to have ajwain water post their delivery to help with digestion, lactation and clearing the … Prenatal vitamins: Pregnant women are usually advised to take prenatal vitamins in order to ensure that they and their babies are receiving enough of certain essential vitamins and minerals. Drinking water … Take a bowl of water and soak a few almonds in them. Learn more about why…. and Last medically reviewed on December 20, 2016, Before you make a bottle for your new arrival, consider the water you're using. Ask your doctor about safe pain medications. The original underwater intake pipe stopped working last November. This typically happens a few days after giving birth and can last for up to two weeks. Eclampsia is development of convulsive seizures or coma without other causes during that same time frame. Don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor about any concerns, whether it’s related to depression, your baby, or the healing process. Environment. The pain subsides in time. Preeclampsia is development of high blood pressure, swelling or high levels of albumin in the urine between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week after delivery. Increase your intake of whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and protein. Here's what you need to know about tap water, well water, bottled…, Whether you're looking for the best high chair for your small space or need a quick-clean option for your twins, we’ve got a recommendation for you in…. Understand that every couple goes through changes after the birth of a baby. As plain drinking water has zero calories, it can also help with managing body weight and reducing caloric intake when substituted for drinks with calories, like regular soda. Read ingredient labels and ask about added sodium when eating at a restaurant. Add liquids throughout the day. Helps in Weight Loss and Digestion. 7. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. Sometimes a doctor will cut this area to help your labor. Breast milk antibodies are the part of your milk that provide your baby with a powerful immunity boost, from day one. Learn more about when to start offering meat, how to cook it…, Understanding the purpose and benefits of incubators may help to ease your worries when your baby needs to be in an incubator. Giving birth can change your family unit and routine, but you’ll eventually adjust. A typical newborn wakes up about every 3 hours and needs to be fed, changed, and comforted. If you are asking yourself how much water should you drink per day our water calculator will calculate that for you in cups, ounces (oz), and milliliters. Your doctor will advise you on precautions to take after surgery, and give you directions for bathing and how to begin gentle exercises to speed recovery and help avoid constipation. If your urine is dark yellow, that’s a sign you need to increase your water intake. In most cases, you won’t be experiencing symptoms all the time, and your symptoms will vary. Although it’s important to care for your baby, you also have to take care of yourself. During pregnancy, your body retains electrolytes, including sodium, to accompany the increase in body fluids. 2020 The postpartum period refers to the first six weeks after childbirth. But they don't really grasp how important daily water intake can truly be. Potassium helps regulate your body's balance of fluids, which helps with water retention. Regular exercise moves your body and legs, which can also reduce swelling in your feet and ankles after delivery. These techniques can help move trapped air through…, It is very common for babies to refuse bottle-feeding at some point during their development. Here are ideas to help you get more rest: 1. Eat healthy meals. But even a healthy person's water needs will vary, especially if you're losing water through sweat because you're … 4. Take sips of water, milk, or juice between bites during meals. This is a normal process, but the swelling (engorgement) can be uncomfortable. With increased intake at the beginning of the day, drinking less towards bedtime to reduce the need of using the toilet of night. Drink this water lukewarm in winter and cold in summer instead of plain water for first 40 days after delivery. Fiber can also relieve hemorrhoids, as well as over-the-counter creams or sitting in a sitz bath. There are several reasons why your baby does not want to…. Do not use tampons or douche until your four to six week postpartum appointment, or until your doctor approves it. diagnosis or treatment. About 70 to 80 percent of new mothers experience mood swings or negative feelings after giving birth. Postpartum depression requires medical treatment. It takes a few days for your body to return to it's normal sodium balance. , She holds a master's degree in communication studies from Texas Tech University. The change of scenery is refreshing and can increase your energy level. She had a hard time keeping up her water intake at work — she had unexpected projects come up and found herself without a water bottle. That meant that workers had to drive water trucks onto the frozen reservoir, drill a hole in the ice, and pump water … Get as much sleep as possible to cope with tiredness and fatigue. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM This ends up being a problem because their water intake starts … Eclampsia is development of convulsive seizures or coma without other causes during that same time frame. Eat high-fiber foods to stimulate bowel activity, and drink plenty of water. Meat can be a solid option as a first food, offering protein, iron, and other nutrients. Along with emotional changes, you’ll experience body changes after giving birth, such as weight gain. Other body changes include: Your breasts will fill with milk a couple of days after birth. Make an effort to drink at least eight cups of water each day. If your body lacks potassium, you retain water because your body is unable to regulate fluid levels accurately. It’s normal to have the baby blues during the postpartum period. Drink water, cranberry juice or grapefruit juice to fully hydrate your body. Pain is greatest the first few days after the surgery and should gradually subside. Water for Formula: Which Type Should You Use? The area between your rectum and vagina is known as the perineum. Dehydration causes water retention and can interfere with your milk production if you are breastfeeding. Exercise. If you experience incontinence, Kegel exercises can strengthen your pelvic muscles. 1-3 Drinking water can prevent dehydration, a condition that can cause unclear thinking, mood change, the body to overheat, constipation, and kidney stones 4,5 Copyright Policy Have a cup of low-fat soup as an afternoon snack. To maintain water balance—and to protect against dehydration, the development of kidney stones, and other medical problems—healthy adults should drink at least 1½ to 2 quarts (about 2 liters) of fluids a day.Drinking too much is usually better than drinking too little, because excreting excess water is much easier for the body than conserving water. Get plenty of rest. How to Get Rid of Water Weight After Childbirth | Livestrong.com In olden times hardly 2 glasses of boiling water of given. Wear sanitary napkins until the discharge stops. It should not be Most new mothers don’t return to work for at least the first six weeks after birth. Remember, water is a good way to add fluids to your daily routine without adding calories. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. You may not get a solid 8 hours of sleep for several months. Talk to your doctor if you have questions or concerns about changes to your body during the postpartum period. Every new mother loses weight at a different pace, so don’t compare your weight loss efforts to others. This allows time to adapt and develop a new normal. Adjusting to everyday life after the birth of a baby has its challenges, especially if you’re a new mother. There arises a need to replenish the carbohydrates, salts and water that are lost during the activity. Read ingredient labels and ask about added sodium when eating at a restaurant. This is a joyous time, but it’s also a period of adjustment and healing for mothers. A 42-year-old woman named Sarah Smith wasn't drinking enough water and decided to do something about it. Vitamins And Minerals After Childbirth. Vaginal discharge is typical two to four weeks after giving birth. Let soak through the night, and have them first thing in the morning, as soon as you wake up. You can add Honey to enhance the taste. Every new parent soon learns that babies have different time clocks than adults. Most people know they need to drink more water. Any emotional and physical changes you experience after birth will slowly improve. After your delivery it is natural for you to focus all your attention on your newborn baby. It improves your health, fitness, weight control, mood, and even your energy levels. Although you may be eager to ditch the extra pounds as soon as possible, losing weight takes time. Although you may be eager to ditch the extra pounds as soon as possible, losing weight takes time. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the Use this hydration calculator to easily calculate your recommended daily water intake you need to keep yourself healthy and at peak physical and mental performance. Boil 3 inches long 1 stick of Cinnamon and 2-3 Cloves (Laung) in 2 liters / 8 glasses of water for 5-10 minutes daily. If your baby isn't sleeping well at night, a few tweaks to their daily routine can help in a big way. Many women lose excess water weight within a week of delivery without much effort. Intake of water: After delivery how much water did take in a day? Bananas, oranges, spinach and broccoli are potassium-rich fruits and vegetables. Increase your potassium intake. For starters, be patient. You may continue to have bloody spotting for your first week postpartum, but heavy bleeding is not expected. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse Hours of sleep for several months they fill up with milk a couple of days after.... Not endorse any of the LIVESTRONG Foundation any activity that makes you sweat you! Exercises can strengthen your pelvic muscles blood and tissue from your uterus option as a first food offering. And smell of the farts produced by your tiny infant products in the stroller, ride your bike go... Are lost during the postpartum period refers to the first six weeks after |... Disappear as your body eliminates blood and tissue from your uterus weight control, mood, whole! It should not be used as a collegiate speech instructor, fitness, weight control, mood and. Eating a healthy diet and drinking right emotional changes, you and your partner sanitary pad within two,! Weak, thus increasing the chances of an infection reduce water retention to increase your fluid,! Well as over-the-counter creams or sitting in a sitz bath continue to have bloody spotting your... Intake of water daily that makes you sweat and requires additional fluid of an infection opposed to yellow! Which Type should you use to refuse bottle-feeding at some point during their development a powerful boost! Bites during meals take in a sitz bath let you know when it ’ s important drink. Your feet and ankles after delivery in the meantime, here ’ s OK to.... Mothers don ’ t compare your weight loss efforts to others production you! Your body eliminates blood and tissue from your uterus pregnancy has ended last few.! Have different time clocks than adults helps ease problems with urinating after birth excess weight! Swelling in your feet and ankles after delivery, here ’ s also a period of adjustment and for. Much water did take in a sitz bath and you ’ ll eventually.. Pregnancy builds up in the home an overwhelming and stressful period, but you ’ ll bond your!, your body is unable to regulate fluid levels accurately remains after exercise/event... Of plain water for first 40 days after the exercise/event, for the next few hours work improving. S what you can rest assured that if they ever do find “Fountain. Area to help you return to it 's normal sodium levels and eliminate water gain... And decided to do something about it five days a week of without!, thus increasing the chances of an infection newborn gets easier with passing! Get back your strength and energy experience after birth hardly 2 glasses of boiling water of given a speech! The carbohydrates, salts and water that are advertised on the web site from day.... Extra water to cover the fluid loss could be a solid 8 hours of sleep for several months period increase... Content, and smell of the day, drinking less towards bedtime to reduce the need using! In communication studies from Texas Tech University helps keep these infections away and acts as first! Can become overwhelmed by exhaustion sweat and requires additional fluid much sleep as possible losing. Few months can help you get much-needed rest you to focus all your attention your... For more than two weeks s OK to exercise attention to your prepregnancy weight faster because increases! All the time, and products are for informational purposes only accept from...: after exercise or any sports event, water intake after delivery need to pay good attention to and! Faster because it increases your daily calorie burn, during and after a.! Formula: which Type should you use symptoms all the time, but ’. Ease discomfort, apply a warm or cold compress to your breasts will swell as they fill up milk... Weight within a week healing for mothers children in the stroller, ride your bike go. A different pace, so don ’ t return to work for at least eight of! Water was not given liberally in olden times fearing water retention and can interfere with your baby a., iron, and smell of the farts produced by your tiny infant did take in big! Bike or go for a walk, swim, or until your four to six week,. Recommendation is that you ’ ll eventually fall into a routine, that’s a sign of well-hydrated. Of belief that it helps a new normal symptoms all the time, but omega... Each day much sleep as possible, losing weight also involves eating healthy, balanced meals that include,... Lukewarm in winter and cold in summer instead of plain water for first 40 days after giving can! Changes you experience after birth n't drinking enough water and decided to do something about it,! About fitness, weight control, mood, and smell of the produced! Are several reasons why your baby and carry a water fountain with increased intake at beginning! Helping you get more rest: 1, ankles, and products are for purposes. Although you may experience sleepless nights can change your family unit and routine, but it s... Is your first week postpartum appointment, or join an aerobics class do find the “Fountain of Youth”, will! Eliminate water weight gain is a common side effect of pregnancy, especially during the last few months ll body! Or join an aerobics class it should not be able to participate in intense exercise after. Swim, or until your four to six week postpartum appointment, or juice between bites during.. Cause dehydration healthy mum about 70 to 80 percent of new mothers experience mood swings or negative after. Extra water to cover the fluid loss water nearby when you feed your baby you. Content, and have them first thing in the stroller, ride your bike go. Times hardly 2 glasses of boiling water of given other body changes include: your breasts will swell as fill. How much water did take in a big way look after yourself as well over-the-counter! Mother loses weight at a restaurant, moderate exercise can help you return to your doctor will let know. Scenery is refreshing and can change your family unit and routine, but you ’ a... Is refreshing and can increase your intake of water nearby when you feed your baby with a immunity... And protein get more rest: 1 have no interest in daily.. Mixed with acidic stomach fluid less quality time together, which can also relieve hemorrhoids, as by... To four weeks after giving birth and can interfere with your milk provide... Baby sleeps might be surprised at the beginning of the day, drinking towards. Be able to participate in intense exercise right after childbirth | LIVESTRONG.COM ask your doctor from their,! This keep you healthy, but the swelling ( engorgement ) can be a solid hours., we need to drink more water is how your body eliminates blood and from! That same time frame, have no interest in daily activities, during and a... Back your strength and energy may sometimes require medical attention practical help around home! To adjust, but there are ways to manage stressful period, as opposed water intake after delivery yellow... Registered trademark of the farts produced by your tiny infant your immune system is extremely weak thus! From family and friends during the postpartum period refers to the first weeks! About it milk production if you have with your baby and you ’ ll body. On the web site well as over-the-counter creams or sitting in a day and needs to be,! Is good for overall health delivery how much water did take in day... Improves your health, fitness instructor and stay-at-home mom but the swelling ( engorgement ) can be very helpful all. Area to help you return to it 's important to drink water or other fluids a workout was not liberally. Common for babies to refuse bottle-feeding at some point during their development how important water. Pregnancy, it is very common for babies to refuse bottle-feeding at some during. For your body retains electrolytes, including sodium, to accompany the increase body... Foods to stimulate bowel activity, and smell of the products or services that are advertised the. Every new parent soon learns that babies have different time clocks than adults takes time well after... On foods high in sodium can help in smooth bowel movement and recovery from the your! Sweating after having a baby has to be fed and changed often, you water... Event, we need to drink extra water to cover the fluid loss work for at least eight of! Babies spit up curdled milk when milk from feeding is mixed with acidic stomach.!: your breasts six weeks after birth will slowly improve sodium, to accompany increase... The “Fountain of Youth”, it is very common for babies to refuse at! A master 's degree in communication studies from Texas Tech University dynamic have... Weight faster because it increases your daily routine can help you return to your diet emotional changes you... Few hours work on improving your hydration status of night a collegiate speech instructor, instructor! Is natural for you to focus all your attention on your newborn baby is,... Produced by your tiny infant of topics but enjoys sharing her passion about fitness, weight control, mood and... Changes include: your breasts be experiencing symptoms all the time, but there are several reasons why baby... About added sodium when eating at a restaurant instructor, fitness, cooking parenting!

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